Several Ohio State basketball players have went on to have successful careers in the NBA and other professional leagues.
- John Havlicek – Retired former NCAA Champion (1960) and Second-Team All-American (1962) for the Buckeyes that went on being named one of the greatest NBA Players of All-Time. He is an 8-time NBA Champion with the Boston Celtics and won the NBA Finals MVP in 1974, he has been selected for the NBA All-Star Team 13-times along with other All-NBA First Team and Defensive team selections. He retired the all-time leading scorer for the Celtics, had his number 17 retired and was named to the NBA 35th and 50th Anniversary Team.
- Jerry Lucas- regarded as one of the greatest collegian of all-time as ranked in the top 10% of his undergraduate class. He had these academic achievements all while winning an NCAA Championship in 1960, being the NCAA Final Four Most Outstanding Player and Associated Press Player of the year twice along with a three-time First-Team All-American selection.
- Mike Conley – former point guard for Ohio State that lead them, along with Greg Oden to a Big Ten Conference Championship and NCAA runner-up in the 2007 season. He was also named to the 2007 First-Team All-Big Ten team.
- Michael Redd – retired NBA who led the Buckeyes to a NCAA Final Four before being drafted in the 2000 NBA Draft. He is the 4th leading scorer in Milwaukee Bucks history and was named to the NBA All-Star Team in 2004.
- Evan Turner – former Buckeye who set a record for the most Conference Player of the Week awards. He currently plays for the Boston Celtics where he is a key part of their current rebuilding efforts.
- Greg Oden – former center for Ohio State that lead the Buckeyes to the Big Ten Championship and a runner-up spot in the NCAA Championship in 2007. He was the number one overall draft pick over Kevin Durant to the Portland Trailblazers, where he played limited minutes due to a knee injury that would eventually cause him to miss two seasons consecutively. He was a contributor to the 2013-2014 Miami Heat team where he came off the bench to provide a defensive presence.
- Daequan Cook – former Ohio State Player that now plays in the French Basketball League. He is a past NBA Three-Point Shootout Champion while playing for the Miami Heat.